Why fly to Mars?
NASA: landing on Mars is a large Mars Rover
“Mars Science Laboratory” .
The power supply of the Rover (Rover) “Mars Science Laboratory” will be implemented from plutonium isotope generator. Therefore, the Rover can operate day and night.
In the development of some instruments for this Rover brings together specialists from many countries, including Russia.
Attention! The crew of “Mars-500” on the red planet!
Russian and European space Agency are conducting a joint experiment, simulating the flight of a manned spaceship to Mars and return to Earth.
The project is called “Mars-500” and is based at the Institute of biomedical problems of RAS. The calculations for the project was executed by the Corporation “Energia” S. P. Korolev. Because Earth and Mars are at different orbits, were worked out successively the following phases of flight: the first flight in low earth orbit, the second spiral trajectory in the gravitational field of the Earth, and the third flight on a heliocentric trajectory to Mars vicinities, the fourth – helical motion in the gravitational field of Mars.
The experiment began on 3 June 2010 a crew consisting of 5 people (3 Russians, one Frenchman and one Italian). Later, on stadiation, the project was joined by the representative of China. The specified crew was selected from several thousand people. Volunteers must remain at the experimental complex of the project “Mars-500” exactly 520 days. So much time is required to fly to Mars, stay there a month and return to Earth.
At the end of January 2011, the company completed two phases of the experiment: 250-day “flight” from Earth to Mars and a 30-day “stay” of the crew on Mars. In the process both phases of the simulated flight and stay on Mars, including conditions of exits to the planet surface. When working in the simulator of the Martian surface three crew members tested the spacesuit “Orlan”, took samples of soil with the help of the Rover, held the other works with scientific equipment. The crew, in addition to the control equipment of the spacecraft, a magnetometer, an Observatory and the Mars Rover “Gulliver”.
The objective of the project is to obtain comprehensive data about the physical condition and health of the crew in conditions of full autonomy and independence. Even voice communication with the Ground after three weeks of “flight” was turned off and replaced by electronic messages.
Project participants perform numerous experiments for the Russian and foreign scientific organizations.
“Personalty” will return home in November 2011. If all goes well, in 2018 – in the period of confrontation between the planets – is possible to real flight of a manned vehicle to Mars.