The secret of the ninth planet: “the planet planet”
Astronomers said that on the outskirts of the Solar system, they discovered the ninth planet. The pioneers were the Russian Konstantin Batygin and Mike brown.
The planet was found by mathematical analysis of perturbations that experience a lot of ice bodies from the so-called Kuiper Belt – a vast area of space beyond the orbit of Pluto. The calculations showed that the planet rotates around the Sun at a distance of 20 orbit of Neptune, its mass is 10 times greater than the mass of the Earth.
According to researchers, the planet is from the Earth approximately 20 times farther than the orbit of Neptune.
Scientists took the planet to the gas giant, which could be thrown into “deep space” on the periphery of the Solar system, and the reason is that the gravitational forces of Jupiter and Saturn.
In addition, the authors of the study suggest that in the next five years, astronomers will be able to see the “new” planet with a telescope, however, current optical technology does not allow this.
“A considerable space of the Solar system still remains unexplored,” said brown and Batygin.
In contrast to the vast number of small objects of the Solar system such as dwarf planets, the ninth planet gravity dominates the extended region of the Kuiper Belt, where it rotates.Moreover, this area is much bigger and the space dominated by all the other known planets in the Solar system.
It is, in the words of brown, making it “the planet of planets of the Solar system”. Until 2009, the ninth planet of the Solar system was considered to be Pluto, opened in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh also thanks to the analysis made disturbances. Pluto was demoted to dwarf planet by the International astronomical Union. Recently, some astronomers have created a movement to return him to the status of the planet after the discoveries made by the probe New Horizons.
Pluto (134340 Pluto) is the largest known dwarf planet in the Solar system, TRANS-Neptunian object and a tenth the mass (excluding satellites) celestial body orbiting the Sun — eight planets and Eris. Originally, Pluto was considered to be normal planets, but it is now considered a dwarf planet and the largest object in the Kuiper belt.
Like most bodies in the Kuiper belt, Pluto is composed primarily of rock and ice and it is relatively small: it weighs less than the mass of the moon six times, and the volume — three times. The surface area of Pluto is about equal to the area of Russia. The orbit of Pluto has a large eccentricity, and large inclination to the Ecliptic plane.