The largest planet of the Solar system
A gas giant
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun. The giant planet. In antiquity this planet was known to people, very often it references can be found in the mythology and beliefs of different peoples. The Babylonian culture this planet called Mooloolaba, which means “star-sun”. The Greeks originally named it “Faeton” shining, glittering, and then Zeus. Well, the Romans gave the planet this name in honor of Jupiter, the Supreme Roman God, the God of sky and sunlight.
Jupiter is considered the largest planet in our Solar system. Its Equatorial radius is equal to 71,4 thousand km, thus it is 11.2 times the radius of the Earth. The mass of Jupiter exceeds the total mass of all the planets of the Solar system more than 2 times, at 318 times the mass of Earth and 1000 times smaller than the mass of the Sun.
Jupiter consists mainly of hydrogen and helium, it is also classified as a gas giant. It has the shape of an oblate spheroid, due to its fast rotation. Additionally, this rotation causes a strong wind in the upper atmosphere causing clouds stretch colorful long ribbons.
Jupiter has 63 satellites, of which 4 are large, which are called “galileiani”, as in 1610 were discovered by Galileo. One of Jupiter’s moons Ganymede exceeds the diameter of the planet mercury.
The Surface Of Jupiter
The surface of this planet cannot be seen because of a dense layer of clouds, which represent a picture of bright zones and dark bands, alternating between them. These differences in color bands may be due to slight chemical and temperature differences.
But I wonder is there life on Jupiter? The presence of life on Jupiter unlikely due to the lack of a solid surface and a low concentration of water in the atmosphere, although in the 70-ies of the last century Carl Sagan, American astronomer, suggested that in the upper atmosphere of Jupiter that might have life based on ammonia.