Jupiter giant of the solar system
Known in ancient Rome, the largest of all, the planet Jupiter was named after the chief deity of the Romans. Gas giant planet located outside the asteroid belt. Its mass is 2.5 times the mass of all the planets available in our system. Jupiter rotates at a speed of 13 km/s and the time it completes one rotation around its axis passes 9 hours and 55 minutes, and around the Sun planet moves almost 12 earth years.
Jupiter can be observed even in a simple telescope, it emits a white glow and is visible in the night sky, and with him his companions are visible, four of them. Jupiter is a very interesting internal structure. Stone core is surrounded by a metal “frozen” hydrogen, which covers a layer of liquid hydrogen. Jupiter has an atmosphere that consists of hydrogen and helium 99% and 1% of other gases: methane, ethane, water and ammonia. The three main layers in the atmosphere of ice giant form crystals of ammonia, methane and ammonium, water crystals, sometimes in the form of small droplets of liquid that are constantly moving in a vortex, forming a visible telescope in the dark bands. Sometimes Jupiter forms its atmosphere orange spots and huge bands that indicate the presence of phosphorus compounds and sulfur. Gas atmosphere containing poisonous gases, it is detrimental to the protein of living organisms.
Atmospheric eddies, which move along the planet, according to some allegations sovremennosti, are the result of attraction of the satellites of Jupiter. Today 70 satellites already known, but scientists suggest that their number may be about 100. From ancient time it is known about 4 satellites of Jupiter: Europa, IO, Ganymede, Callisto. They are larger than all the others 70, but the special attention paid by modern scientists of Europe, it is covered with deep ocean constrained by the huge layer of ice. The presence of water in liquid form, even at very low temperature, can serve as a good precondition for the formation of living beings and evolution of life in the deep ocean.
Ice planet, ice is surrounded by a poisonous atmosphere, rapid, sometimes glowing bright orange, attracts the attention of many scientists and astronomers in search of simple living beings, and perhaps with high intelligence. The earthlings so lonely among the icy world of the cosmos.