Found on the surface of the comet space module “Fily”?
The Module “Fily”*. committed on 12 November 2014 the first in the history of cosmonautics landed on the surface of the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko, has not confirmed the theory that water appeared on Earth as a result of falling comets. According to scientists, the proportion of heavy hydrogen, or deuterium, in the composition of water vapor in comet far exceeds its share in the water on the Earth. “This probably excludes the fact that water appeared on Earth as a result of falling comets,” — said the representative of the European space Agency (ESA) Catherine Altwegg.
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Earlier module found on the comet carbon atoms. Found particles are monomers** organic molecules that are the building blocks of living organisms. Passing at a distance of 500 million kilometers from Earth mission ESA European module “Fily” aims to discover valuable data about the early stages of the Universe.
What problems came from “Fily” after landing?
After landing on the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko module could not gain a foothold on its surface. After several attempts to fix, the machine was in the shadow of the rock.
Due to the fact that in the shadow of the cliff “Fily” could receive the light of the sun (necessary for charging) only 90 minutes a day, instead needs 6 7 hours, 15 November, the machine went into sleep mode and stop transmitting data from the comet.
But before to go to “sleep”, the module was able to capture a few pictures of the surface of the comet’s nucleus.
After a few hours of sunlight was enough, and the module has been resumed in the data transmission.
The surface of the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
What is the mission module?
Using “FILA”, pictures will be taken and taken soil samples. The samples obtained will allow you to find what looked like a Solar system before the planets formed. According to scientists, the core of a celestial body may contain a substance preserved since the formation of the comet.
The end of the mission scheduled for December 2015.
What is “Rosetta”?
“Rosetta”*** — the spacecraft, designed to study the comet.
Designed and manufactured by the European space Agency. The device was launched towards comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko on 2 March 2004 from Kourou in French Guiana.
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The weight of the descent module reaches 100 pounds; payload of 26.7 kg.
The module is supplied by the auger sampling and a dozen or so different automatic research facilities. The basis of his laboratory, in particular, are pyrolyser units**** and the mass spectrometer*****.
What is known about the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko?
Comet Churyumov — Gerasimenko — short-period comet with a period of 6.6 years.
Was opened on 23 October 1969 by Soviet astronomer Klim Carumonam in Kiev when examining Photographs of comet 32P/comas Sola taken by his colleague Svetlana Gerasimenko on 20 September 1969 at the Alma-ATA Observatory.
Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko makes a loop around the Sun in an orbit that crosses the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, approaching, but not leaving the Earth’s orbit. Like most comets of the Jupiter family, she fell out of the Kuiper belt***** * as a result of one or more collisions or gravitational pulls.
The module “Fily” surpassed supermodel Kim Kardashian?
Space landing module on the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko bypassed share Kardashian in popularity.
* “Fily” is a detachable module of the spacecraft “Rosetta” was named after an Egyptian island where was found the ancient obelisk with hieroglyphs and helped to decipher the inscriptions on the Rosetta stone. The stone was found in 1799 in Egypt near the small town of Rosetta (now Rashid), near Alexandria. Embossed on it were three identical within the meaning of the text in ancient Egyptian, ancient Greek and Egyptian language.
** The monomer is a low molecular weight substance forming polymer in the polymerization reaction.
* * * Rosetta — the spacecraft of European space Agency. It got its name from the ancient Egyptian Rosetta stone. Since 1802, the Rosetta stone is kept in the British Museum.
**** The pyrolyser — device for analysis of polymers in the study of technical characteristics, the quantitative and qualitative composition, thermal decomposition products, etc.
***** Mass spectrometer — a device for determining the masses of atoms (molecules) by the nature of the movement of their ions in electric and magnetic fields.
****** The Kuiper belt — the region of the Solar system, which consists mainly of small bodies (asteroids and comet nuclei). Unlike objects in the asteroid belt, which consist mainly of rocks and metals, the body in the Kuiper belt consist of volatile substances such as methane, ammonia and water. In this area there are three dwarf planets: Pluto, Haumea and Makemake.